Today, the number of people who want to have a white smile is increasing day by day. Bleaching is the most frequently and safely applied in the field of aesthetic dentistry, and it is a completely harmless application when done with the right technique. Bleaching is basically the process of lightening the natural color of the tooth with bleaching gels.
Teeth cleaning, which is more common among patients, should not be confused with bleaching. Tartar cleaning is the cleaning of tartar with a vibrating tool and water. Brushing (polishing) with special pastes after scaling is a procedure that has been used in dentistry for many years. This process is a basic practice for maintaining oral health. Tartar cleaning and polishing does not lighten the color of the teeth, but only removes the stains caused by colored food and drinks and restores the natural shine of the teeth.
Bleaching can be applied to live and non-living teeth. Teeth that have lost their vitality, been traumatized, or discolored as a result of root canal treatment may regain the same color as the neighboring teeth after bleaching. Congenital discolorations, colorations due to long-term antibiotic use, excessive fluoride intake, and age-related colorations appear between 4-6 tones. Bleaching is not performed in young people and children whose development is not completed, in pregnant women and during breastfeeding.
Bleaching process is of two types as the ‘office type’ applied by the physician and the ‘home type’ applied by the person at home. Office type; 15min×3=45min. takes. The strength of the drug used increases with the light source. Home type bleaching; Results can be obtained by using the plate containing the drug for 6-8 hours for 2 weeks. The combined use of both techniques gives more precise results. The physician decides which technique should be used and the number of sessions at the end of the examination.
Bleaching is a completely harmless application. However, if there are unpolished amalgam silver fillings in the mouth; If bleaching agent is applied to large composite fillings, if the gingival protector is not applied properly, it will harm the patient. As in every application, the technical knowledge of the physician, the bleaching agent used, and the quality of the light source, which acts as a catalyst, affect the result. At the end of two years, 50% return to the old color is an expected situation. After the procedure, people may feel sensitivity. Again, this situation is less felt with the care gel applied to the gums and teeth after bleaching.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is there any harm in teeth whitening?
As a very old method of teeth whitening, the method of abrasion from the enamel of the tooth was used. This was not an appropriate technique. Today, whitening is done with completely harmless gels.
Can teeth be whitened with laser?
The gel applied to the tooth is activated by the light source. Whitening is faster and more effective. This light source can also be a laser.
Will the color of my teeth return to their original state after whitening?
At the end of 2 years, there can be a 50% return. But when whitening is done again in a very short-term single session, the permanence lasts much longer. If the person’s oral care is not good, the use of tea, coffee, cigarette accelerates the return of color.